Introduction to Proverbs
Proverb’s place in the Old Testament.
The Old Testament has 39 books, divided as follows.
5 Books in the Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
12 Books of History: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, I & II Samuel, I & II Kings,
I & II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther.
5 Books of Poetry: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon.
5 Major Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel.
12 Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum,
Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
Focusing in on the Poetic books they speak of our relationship as Christians to:
Job speaks of our relationship to Satan, the Accuser of the Brethren.
Psalms speaks of our relationship to God, our Heavenly Father.
Proverbs speaks of our relationship with people.
Ecclesiastes speaks of our relationship with the world system.
Song of Solomon speaks of our relationship with Christ, our Heavenly Bridegroom.
Focusing in on Christ in the Books of Poetry
Job speaks of Christ, our Redeemer Job 19:25, I Peter 1:18-19
Psalms speaks of Christ, our Life, Psalm 27:4, Colossians 3:4
Proverbs speaks of Christ, our Wisdom. Proverbs 1:7, I Corinthians 1:30
Ecclesiastes speaks of Christ, our purpose in life. Ecclesiastes 12, Philippians 1:21
Song of Solomon describes Christ, our Heavenly Bridegroom Ephesians 5:25
Introductory facts about Proverbs
The author is King Solomon, Proverbs 1:1
He followed his father, King David, and he ruled for forty years during the Golden Age of Israel. I Kings 4:30-34
The Book of Proverbs, as all 66 Books of the Bible, was inspired of God.
Solomon received his amazing wisdom from God by simply asking for it as a little child. I Kings 3:5-15 It’s so sad that later in life, Solomon surrendered his wisdom for sin and brought destruction to his family and to his kingdom. Ecclesiastes, written by Solomon in old age, reflects back on his life with pessimism, sadness and grief.
To whom is the Book of Proverbs primarily addressed?
It is primarily addressed to children, teens and young men and women. Proverbs 1:4,8
These are truths parents should be teaching to their young children while they are still at home. It teaches rules, restraint and discipline.
These young children are described as simple, innocent children void of insight and perception who can be easily deceived, misled and taken advantage of. These qualities are not necessarily evil traits.
Children need not become wise concerning sin and the evil world system which insidiously perverts their thinking through sin-glorifying television, movies, literature and music. It is the responsibility of parents to set the right example and protect them from this.
Counterfeit currency is not studied in order to recognize it. Rather genuine currency is studied so that when faced with the counterfeit, it is easily recognized. Romans16:19 teaches us that we are to be wise unto that which is good and simple concerning evil.
The purpose of Proverbs according to Proverbs 1:2
To know wisdom and instruction.
To perceive or grasp the truth of Scripture.
To recognize and avoid false doctrine and sin.
Remember these basic truths concerning wisdom.
Wisdom is found in knowing and being properly related to Christ through faith in His death and resurrection for our sins. Colossians 2:3, 8-10,
I Corinthians 1:30-31
Wisdom begins with a reverential fear of the Lord. Proverbs 1:7
One who has no fear of God has not even begun to be wise.
God invites us to ask Him for wisdom as we sense our need. James 5:1-8
When we ask Him for wisdom, we find it by reading and searching the Scriptures. Proverbs 2:1-5
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